Teacher Protection Act (TPA)



Please click here for a PDF of the 2017 letter sent to Indiana Teachers.

Indiana’s Teacher Protection Act (TPA) (IC 4-6-2-1.5), passed in 2009, strengthened public school teachers’ right to take any disciplinary action necessary to promote appropriate student conduct and to maintain order in their classroom.  In 2015, the Indiana General Assembly updated the TPA (IC 4-6-2-1.5), expanding the type of information that teachers are provided.  This website offers information and links regarding many other significant rights and protections specifically granted to public school teachers by state and federal law.

A comprehensive manual, which can be found here, has been created for your convenience.  This manual includes more detail and information about these laws which include, but are not limited to the following: 

1. Indiana Code Section 4-6-2-1.5 Discipline in Schools (Teacher Protection Act): This statute creates a stronger legal defense for teachers who are sued over school-discipline disputes. This statute provides qualified immunity for teachers acting in good faith to maintain discipline in our public schools and defense of teachers by the Office of Attorney General. The TPA is designed to end or minimize frivolous litigation brought against teachers for acts intended to preserve a learning classroom free of behavior issues.

2. Indiana Code Sections 20-33-8-8 and 20-33-8-9 Disciplinary Powers: These statutes provide that teachers who have students under their charge may take actions that are reasonably necessary to carry out, or to prevent an interference with, an educational function that the teacher supervises or that are necessary to ensure a safe, orderly, and effective educational environment.

3. Indiana Code Article 20-29 Collective Bargaining: This article provides that teachers have the right to form school employee organizations and bargain collectively with the public school employer. 

4. Indiana Code Chapter 20-28-11.5 Performance Evaluations: This chapter provides for the establishment of teacher performance evaluations. Evaluation plans must be discussed with teachers or the teachers’ exclusive bargaining representative prior to implementation. Additionally, evaluators must discuss the evaluation results with the teacher.

5. Indiana Code Sections 20-28-10-14 and 20-28-10-15 Freedom of Association, Candidate for Public Office: Teachers are protected from retaliation based on their affiliation with an organization, unless the organization advocates the overthrow of the U.S. government by force or the use of violence or the organization advocates violation of the law in order to achieve the its objectives. These statutes also protect teachers from dismissal or suspension for running for public office, unless such candidacy impairs the teacher’s effectiveness or interferes with the teacher’s performance of contractual obligations. It is noteworthy that under Indiana Code § 3- 14-1-17, teachers are prohibited from using school property, including e-mail, to solicit political contributions or advocate for the approval or defeat of a candidate or public question. 

In addition to information on state and federal laws applicable to you, the Office of the Attorney General is proud to give public school employees the confidence to know their actions conducted within the confines of their school discipline policies will be supported and defended by their state Attorney General. The TPA was passed in 2009 partly out of the concern that school insurance companies were routinely settling school-discipline lawsuits for nuisance value, and that paying settlements and not providing the teacher a legal defense served only to undermine school discipline and instill a lack of respect for the teacher’s authority. So that teachers would have proper legal representation in a civil lawsuit over school disciplinary actions, the Office of the Indiana Attorney General (OAG) is prepared to defend teachers and the vital public interest they serve in ensuring the best environment in our schools for a world-class education.

If you are served with court papers or notice about potential litigation over classroom disciplinary actions, you can contact the Attorney General’s constituent-services number at 317-232-6310 to be directly connected with a Deputy Attorney General in the Litigation Division who will evaluate your case and determine if the Office can represent you.

Thank you for your ongoing commitment and dedication to the education of Indiana’s students and schools.

Additional information concerning rights and regulations may be found at the following sources:

Summary of Rights and Benefits for Indiana Teachers

United States Code

Indiana Code

State Administrative Code

Department of Labor, OSHA

United States Department of Education, Laws & Guidance

Indiana Department of Education

Indiana State Board of Education

Indiana Education Employment Relations Board

Additional Resources:

Indiana State Teachers Association

American Federation of Teachers - Indiana

Indiana Association of Public School Superintendents

Indiana Association of School Principals