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How Much Eating Meat Will a Carcass Yield?
Good to Choice
|=||465 lbs. Retail Cuts|
|Porterhouse, T-bone, Cube Steak||35|
|Boneless Rump Roast||20|
|Stew Meat & Misc. Cuts||45|
|Bones, Fat, Waste and Shrink||125|
|Eating Meat||465 lbs.|
|Approx. % of
|1. Round (Slow-cooking Steaks, Roasts)||22%||120-130 lbs.|
|2. Loin (Sirloin, T-Bone, Club Steaks)||17%||94-105 lbs.|
|3. Ribs (Standing and Rolled Rib Steaks)||9%||48-58 lbs.|
|4. Flank (Steaks or Stew Meat)||4%||20-25 lbs.|
|5. Chuck or Shoulder (Pot Roast and Slow-cooking Steaks)||6%||148-158 lbs.|
|6. Plate (Corned Beef, Stew Meat, Short Ribs)||12%||65-75 lbs|
|7. Shank (Soups and Stews)||4%||20-25 lbs.|
|8. Suet||6%||30-40 lbs.|
Never "age" pork. Instead, freeze it as soon as possible after chilling. Only good quality beef and lamb should be "aged" before cutting for storage. Low grade, lean meat will shrink excessively if "aged." "Aging" means holding the meat before cutting at 34 degrees to 38 degrees for seven days to 10 days.
Slow freezing is undesirable as it makes for greater breakdown of muscle cells and subsequent greater juice losses when meat is thawed. Freeze at temperatures as far below zero as possible.
Store meat at a constant temperature at zero degrees or lower.
The following table shows the pounds of carcass that you can expect from different classes and grades of livestock. In addition, it shows the amount of meat that you can expect to get from each 100 pounds of carcass (dressing percentage).
This dressing percentage will vary with the amount of fat (finish), the amount of weight in the digestive tract and conformation. A thick-muscled, fat animal will yield a heavier carcass than one poorly muscled or finished.
Cutting losses will vary with the amount of boning and closeness of trimming.
Wt. Would Be:
|Choice||1000 lbs.||59%-62%||590 lbs.||465 lbs.|
|Good||1000 lbs.||56%-59%||560 lbs.||470 lbs.|
|Standard||1000 lbs.||50%-53%||500 lbs.||455 lbs.|
|Commercial||1000 lbs.||48%-53%||480 lbs.||425 lbs.|
|Pork||200 lbs.||72%||145 lbs.||109 lbs.|
|Veal||200 lbs.||61%||122 lbs.||107 lbs.|
|Lamb||90 lbs.||48%||43 lbs.||33 lbs.|
Pork Carcass Yield
(USDA No. 2 Grade Approx.)
|2. Pork Loin Chops and Roasts||14%||18-20|
|5. Boston Butts||6%||7-9|
|6. Picnic Shoulders||7%||9-10|
|7. Pork Hocks||3%||4-5|
|Misc. cuts, water & trimmings|
|Eating Meat 101-111 lbs.|