Cervidae

Indiana Entry Health Requirements: Cervidae

The following is a summary of Indiana's animal health laws governing the transportation of cervids into Indiana. The cervid identification, movement, and testing laws can be viewed in more detail in 345 IAC 1-2, 345 IAC 1-3, 345 IAC 2, and 345 IAC 2.5. For additional information, contact the Indiana State Board of Animal Health Cervid Division at (317)544-2395 or toll free at (877)747-3038, or click here to submit an e-mail inquiry.

Note on terminology: When used on this page, the term "CWD-susceptible species" refers to all animals of the following species, including their hybrids and any related species:

  • Whitetail deer

  • Mule deer

  • Elk, wapiti, and red deer

  • Sika deer and Japanese deer

  • Another species of the family cervidae that is found to be susceptible to CWD

The term "CWD non-susceptible" refers to all other cervid species and their hybrids.

Live animals and embryos may be imported if the following conditions are met:

  1. The state of origin meets the following requirements:

    1. Animal health officials have the authority to quarantine for CWD;

    2. State law requires CWD positives be reported to animal health officials;

    3. State of origin is engaged in surveillance for CWD in captive and free-ranging cervid populations; and

    4. CWD has not been diagnosed in any cervid within the last 5 years.

  2. The herd of origin meets the following requirements:

    1. Enrolled in an official CWD monitoring program for at least 5 years.

    2. No animal in the herd, from the herd, or traced to the herd has been diagnosed as CWD positive within the last 5 years.

Certificate of Veterinary Inspection

Required for all cervids, with the following exceptions:

  • Animals transported through the state without being unloaded

Additionally, CWD non-susceptible species are exempt from the CVI requirement under the following circumstances:

  • Animals consigned for immediate slaughter

The CVI must be issued by a licensed and accredited veterinarian within the thirty (30) days immediately prior to the animal entering Indiana.

Pre-Entry Permit

A pre-entry permit is required for all animals that require a certificate of veterinary inspection. A permit must be obtained prior to transporting such animals into Indiana. Click here for the cervid pre-entry permit application.

The completed pre-entry permit application must be received by the Board of Animal Health no less than 120 hours (5 business days) prior to the projected movement date.  The applicant for a pre-entry permit will be required to supply supporting documentation that allows the Board of Animal Health to evaluate the disease risk associated with the animals to be moved.

Additional requirements for CWD-susceptible species:

Indiana prohibits the import of CWD-susceptible cervid species from:

  • CWD quarantine, infected, containment, management or similarly designated management areas
  • CWD quarantine, positive, exposed, or suspect herds and herds that are currently designated as trace back or trace forward herds in a CWD investigation

These restrictions include animals intended for slaughter.

With the exception of movements directly to slaughter, pre-entry permits for CWD-susceptible species will only be issued if the state-of-origin conducts surveillance for CWD, participates in the federal CWD herd certification program, and has not diagnosed CWD in a captive or free-ranging cervid herd within the 60 months immediately prior to the date of the proposed movement.

Official Animal Identification

Required for all cervids entering Indiana.  All animals must have two forms of official ID.

  • Primary ID must be an official, tamper-resistant ear tag bearing a US shield

    • 840 tags - 15 digits, beginning with "840," may or may not be RFID

    • NUES tags - also known as steel or "brite" tags, available in steel clip or plastic bangle styles

    • Exception: Reindeer may be identified using an official method other than an ear tag.  See "Secondary ID" options below for full listing of official ID types.

  • Secondary ID must be one of the following:

    • Official or unofficial ear tag

    • Electronic identification, such as microchip, that complies with ISO 11784/11785

    • Non-ISO electronic identification, such as microchip, if applied before January 1, 2015

    • Flank or ear tattoo

Testing

General restrictions
The following cervids may not be imported into Indiana:

  • Cervids that respond to any official TB or brucellosis test

    • Exception: Cervids that respond to a TB or brucellosis test may be imported if, prior to importation to Indiana, the animal subsequently tests negative using an official test, or is consigned and moved directly to slaughter.

  • Cervids that originate from a herd that is under quarantine or affected with TB or brucellosis

Tuberculosis

Cervids from an Accredited TB-free herd or moved directly to slaughter do not require any additional testing.

All other cervids must either:

  • Originate from a qualified or monitored herd or have tested negative as part of a whole herd test within one year of the date of movement. In addition, each individual animal in the shipment that is at least one year of age must test negative for TB within 90 days prior to the date of movement into Indiana.

    • Exception: The additional 90 day test is not required if the movement occurs within 6 months of the whole herd test.

       -OR-

  • Have 2 negative TB test performed at least 90 days apart, with the second test occurring no more than 90 days prior to the date of movement into Indiana.

Brucellosis

Cervids from a Certified Brucellosis-free herd or moved directly to slaughter do not require any additional testing.

All other cervids must either:

  • Originate from a monitored herd and each animal in the shipment that is sexually intact and at least one year of age must test negative for brucellosis within 90 days prior to the date of movement into Indiana.

  • Be added to a Brucellosis Certified or Monitored herd and meet the program testing requirements for herd additions not from another Certified or Monitored herd.

  • Test negative for brucellosis within 30 days prior to the date of movement into Indiana

General restrictions

The following cervids may not be imported into Indiana:

  • Cervids that respond to any official TB or brucellosis test

    • Exception: Cervids that respond to a TB or brucellosis test may be imported if, prior to importation to Indiana, the animal subsequently tests negative using an official test, or is consigned and moved directly to slaughter.

  • Cervids that originate from a herd that is under quarantine or affected with TB or brucellosis

Exhibition

If the animal is to be entered in an exhibition in Indiana, see also the Indiana exhibition requirements.

Live animals may ship directly to slaughter in Indiana under the following conditions:

  1. A pre-entry permit is obtained from the state veterinarian.

  2. All animals are identified.

  3. A certificate of veterinary inspection is obtained for the animals, moves with the animals, and is presented at the slaughter plant.

  4. Animals are moved directly to a slaughtering establishment licensed by the BOAH or the USDA without stopping and unloading elsewhere in the state.

  5. The state veterinarian is given an opportunity to collect a sample from each animal for disease (CWD) testing.

  6. Offal from the animals is disposed of by a licensed rendering service or at a licensed landfill.

Importation of Cervid Products, Other Than Live Animals

Carcasses, meat, and parts

Requirements for the importation of carcasses, meat, and parts for CWD-susceptible species hunted out-of-state can be found at: www.in.gov/boah/2430.htm.

Carcasses of CWD-susceptible species testing negative for CWD using an official test may move into the state with no additional restrictions.

Semen & Embryos

Semen and embryos may be imported if the following conditions are met:

  • The donor(s) are not CWD-positive, CWD-suspect, or CWD-exposed

  • The donor(s) have not been kept on a premises where a CWD-positive animal has been kept within the last 60 months

  • The donor(s) are not the offspring of a CWD-positive animal

No CVI or permit are required.