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Indiana Department of Homeland Security

IDHS > About IDHS > Get Prepared > Fire Safety Fire Safety Tips & Information

fire_safety_11-1-10Fire is a serious public safety concern both locally and nationally, and homes are at the greatest risk. Cooking is the leading cause of home fires and home fire injuries, while heating equipment and smoking are the leading causes of home fire deaths. 

Hoosiers can help reduce the risk by developing a fire escape plan, properly installing smoke alarms, and being aware of fire risks around them.

CLICK HERE TO TAKE THE WORKING SMOKE ALARM PLEDGE

Fire Prevention Week Proclamation 2014
Cooking Safety
Heating Equipment Safety

Fire Escape Plans

When it comes to escaping fires, time is the biggest enemy and every second counts. It's important to have fire escape plans and to regularly practice those plans to help you get out of your home quickly. Residents who have planned and practiced a home fire escape plan are more likely to survive a fire.

  • Every room should have two ways out.
  • Practice escaping from every room in the house, both during the day and night.
  • Designate a meeting place outside away from the home. Make sure everyone is accounted for and designate one person to call the fire department.
  • Remember to escape first, and then call the fire department.
  • DO NOT try to save property. The most important thing is to GET OUT!

Smoke Alarms

Properly installed and maintained smoke alarms will give families the most of the few minutes they have to react to a fire. Working smoke alarms can double the change of surviving a residence fire.

  • Install smoke alarms on every level of your house including basements and sleeping areas.
  • Smoke alarms should be tested every month.
  • Batteries should be changed at least once a year.
  • Smoke alarms should be replaced every 8-10 years.
  • For the best protection, interconnect all smoke alarms throughout the home - when one sounds, they all sound.

There are two basic types of smoke alarms: Ionization and Photoelectric

  • Ionization: sound more quickly when flaming, fast moving fire occurs.
  • Photoelectric: Quicker at sensing smoldering, smoke fires.
  • You can purchase special alarms that are a combination of these two.

Fire Safety Fact Sheets and Resources

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