Phytosanitary Program

Federal Certificates

Moving agricultural material to other countries is regulated internationally by National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPO) of countries involved. The NPPO in the U.S. is the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine (USDA-APHIS-PPQ). The Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology Nursery Inspectors are Authorized Certification Officials (ACO) who are capable of performing inspections and issuing certificates for export. The objective of the program is to prevent introduction or spread of certain pests and pathogens as determined by the importing country. Requirements differ based on the product to be exported and the country it is exported to. Contact your local inspector for more information.

State Certificates

In some cases, other states may also require a State Phytosanitary Certificate for the movement of plants or plant products. Requirements differ based on the product and shipped destination. Summaries of state requirements can be found on the National Plant Board site. Contact your local inspector for more information.

Types of Phytosanitary Certificates

  • PPQ Form 577, Phytosanitary Certificate
  • PPQ Form 579, Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-export
  • PPQ Form 578, Processed Product Certificate
  • State Phytosanitary Certificates
Fees for Federal and State Phytosanitary Certificates issued by the IDNR
Issuance of Federal and State Phytosanitary Certificates $50
Reissue Requested by Exporter/Consignee $50
State Phytosanitary Certificate Issued to Non-certified Nurseries of other businesses $50
State Phytosanitary Certificate Issued to Certified Nurseries, Greenhouses or to Homeowners No charge

There is an additional $6 PCIT user fee charged by USDA-APHIS for all Federal Phytosanitary certificates.

How Do I Request an Inspection

You will need to contact your local inspector to request an inspection. Please provide the commodity type, amount of commodity (weight, board feet, etc.), certified origin, destination, and approximate date of departure on the Application for Inspection form.

What is FGIS?

The Federal Grain Inspection Service (FGIS) conducts official sampling and inspections of grain offered for export under the U.S. Grain Standards Act and the Agriculture Marketing Act of 1946. APHIS and FGIS have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that sets forth policies and procedures. If applying for a Phytosanitary certificate based on an inspection performed by FGIS, ensure the 921-2 Inspection Report is attached to the application in the Phytosanitary Certificate Issuance Tracking (PCIT) system.

Species of grain that FGIS can inspect (current as of March 2015)

Common Name Botanical Name
oat Avena byzantina
oat Avena sativa
canola Brassica napus
soybean Glycine max
sunflower Helianthus annuus
barley Hordeum vulgare
lentil Lens culinaris
flax Linum usitatissimum
rice Oryza sativa
bean Phaseolus spp.
pea Pisum sativum
rye Secale cereale
sorghum Sorghum bicolor
triticale Triticosecale spp.
wheat Triticum aestivum
wheat Triticum compactum
wheat Triticum durum
Mung bean Vigna radiata
corn Zea mays

Additional Resources