Results Shorelines Category

# 1 Lack of a Shoreline Development Plan or Strategy.

Ranking: 84 points / 24 people (2016) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Lack of zoning or setback to limit development along natural shoreline
  • Need to limit shoreline development
  • Need to preserve land adjoining / adjacent to preserved areas
  • Over-development of the shoreline

SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS

  • Educate people that shoreline erosion is a natural process.
  • Need to limit shoreline development.
  • Calculate real cost of development, not just the profit margin. (maintenance, upkeep etc.)
  • Develop a shoreline plan or strategy.
  • Assess damages to the natural resources from existing shoreline structures.
  • Prohibit construction of non-water related structures along all shorelines subject to erosion or flooding. Remove existing structures that do not meet this criteria.
  • Develop emergency high / low water level management plans. Need to incorporate agreements between the governments of Canada and the U.S.A.
  • Protect dunes from beach users.
  • No action alternative without sound analysis of existing administrative policies, and practices, existing regulations and laws.
  • Collate all local land use plans and inventories.
  • Prohibit After-the-Fact DNR permits.
  • Preserve the natural shoreline and restore it where possible.
  • Monitor all Corps of Engineers (COE) permits.
  • Require realtors and sellers to warn buyers of previous erosion and flooding problems.
  • All shorelines should have a setback whether subject to erosion or not.
  • Analysis of any shoreline development with respect to tourism and recreational value as compared to any other criteria.
  • Any analysis of benefits must involve non-monetary value benefits.

# 2 Degradation of Existing Shoreline and Beach Caused by Erosion, As Well As the Effects of Existing Erosion Control Measures. ( i.e. Breakwalls, Seawalls and Artificial Reefs).

Ranking: 81 points / 24 people (1944) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Diversion of littoral drift by breakwalls & man-made obstructions
  • Slowing the rate of shoreline erosion to make beach nourishment a little less futile
  • Direction that breakwalls causes (diverts) trash onto beaches
  • Beach nourishment - who pays? What is clean sand? Need more nourishment
  • Need to control erosion on shoreline
  • Construction of artificial reefs
  • Construction - criteria for seawalls
  • Storm / erosional impact on shorelines
  • Loss of river and lake shoreline

SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS

  • No action alternative without sound science.
  • Investigate pumping sand from the east toward the west around the Michigan City breakwall and the Port of Indiana.
  • Control economic damage by regulation of Lake Michigan's lake level.
  • Prohibit any new structure on the shoreline that inhibits the littoral drift.
  • Require all "clean sand dredged" to be used for beach nourishment.
  • Clean up trash on all tributaries. Enforce dumping laws.
  • Mandate a study to compare erosion caused by man-made structures vs. natural systems that cause beach erosion.
  • Recognize that solutions will not be short term.
  • Redesign the breakwall at Burns Ditch.
  • Shore up the banks of the endangered road in Beverly Shores.
  • In mitigating shoreline erosion, due to existing structures that cannot be removed, such mitigation should consist of replacement sand and / or by-pass pumping of a sand slurry mixture.
  • No new shoreline roads that require expensive protection.
  • Consider the alternative of using 'natural systems' to control erosion on a cost / benefit basis compared to engineering solutions in all cases.
  • Take a macroscopic view of evaluating options for controlling erosion.
  • Compare economic damage along Indiana's shoreline to other states.
  • Any consideration of benefits and costs should include non-monetary benefits.
  • Consider the cost / benefit between beach nourishment and shoreline damage vs. harbor dredging.
  • See that Indiana's Lake Michigan entities are represented on each board, committee, task force, etc.

# 3 Impact That CZM Has on Private Property

Ranking: 33 points / 10 people (330) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Loss of property rights
  • Private property rights protection

SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS

  • Private property rights and "takings" implications should be strongly upheld in any CZM planning or activities or Indiana's Coastal Coordination Program (ICCP).
  • Don't allow condemnation of tax payer property.
  • A CZM plan should not be considered a "taking" of private property.
  • Recognize that property has no rights. The property owner has the rights.
  • No action alternative that all costs concerning Indiana's property rights be considered. Include the cost to the public at large, etc.
  • Commonweal rights should over-ride private property rights.
  • Tax payer property rights should be protected.
  • Have DNR explain that CZM is a planning tool, not an enforcement tool.
  • Educate the public to the benefits of CZM to private property owners. (Indiana Coastal Coordination Program - ICCP)
  • Taxpayers should not be required to pay for repairing damages for people who build in a floodplain and erosion prone areas.
  • Clarify perceived impact of CZM on private property rights.
  • Separate private property rights from private property privileges.

# 4 Lack of Clean-Up Effort on Old Industrial Sites.

Ranking: 30 points / 10 people (300) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Need to clean up closed industrial facilities

SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS

  • Identify the numbers and areas of sites to clean up.
  • Identify funding sources for clean-up efforts.
  • Identify the redevelopment potential once areas are cleaned up.
  • Polluters should pay to clean up sites.
  • Support federal Brownfield legislation.
  • Impeach congress to eliminate further hindrances of our efforts.
  • Support voluntary clean-up efforts.
  • Make the cost of clean-up realistic.
  • Encourage enforcement of existing federal and state laws.
  • Support research into the use of 'biological methods' for clean-up.
  • The realistic cost of clean-up should be defined as "Whatever it costs to return a site to pre-polluted conditions".
  • Attend the June 2 field hearing in E. Chicago.
  • Freeze assets of polluters to finance clean-up expenses.
  • Reduce regulatory barriers, to encourage clean-up. (reduce 'red tape')
  • Encourage intermediate clean-up strategies in appropriate situations. (quick and cost effective methods)
  • Provide government support for entrepreneurial efforts to clean up brownfield sites past the break even point.
  • Do not reduce regulatory requirements as an excuse to avoid clean-up.
  • Encourage regulators to educate applicants on how to meet their responsibility, without unnecessarily filing a permit application.
  • Don't disturb (pollute) new areas during the clean-up process.
  • Require native vegetation be used in clean-up efforts.
  • Work with nature in clean-up efforts, instead of against it.
  • Clean-up can be accomplished by treatment, rather than moving the pollutant.
  • Need clean-up standards for specific uses.
  • Establish standard modified revegetation plans for right-of-ways. (i.e. railroads, highways, etc.)
  • Educate the public to the value of cleaning up old industrial sites. (i.e. using the site for other purposes)
  • Utilize compost material on active industrial sites for re-vegetation, where appropriate.
  • Use non-violent offenders for clean-up site labor.
  • Encourage volunteerism in clean-up efforts.

# 5 Impact of Changing Lake Levels on the Shoreline.

Ranking: 23 points / 11 people (253) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Changing lake levels - How to deal with

SUGGESTED SOLUTIONS

  • Limit construction sites to be beyond the flood level. (set-backs)
  • Prayer.
  • Development must accommodate Fluctuations of the lake, not the lake accommodating development.
  • Prohibit construction in the zone subject to changing lake levels, except for navigational and water related activity. (i.e. piers and docks)
  • Stop all government support for shoreline insurance.
  • Do more research into what causes changing lake levels.
  • Compile, tabulate and make available to the public, lake level Fluctuations information for the past 100 years, plus, and advertise it.
  • Taxpayers should not be required to bail out people who build in the zone of changing lake levels.
  • Oppose efforts to divert water outside the Great Lakes Basin.
  • Government should pay for mediation efforts where littoral drift has been blocked by government action.
  • Stop human manipulation of lake levels.
  • Private causes - private pays.
  • Research the use of movable, modular structures to make use of changing lake levels.
  • Develop emergency high / low water level management plans. Need to incorporate agreements between the governments of Canada and the U.S.A.

# 6 Public Access to Lake Michigan

Ranking: 16 points / 7 people (112) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Lack of public access to Lake Michigan

# 7 CZM Benefits to Private Property

Ranking: 18 points / 6 people (108) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Benefits to private property By CZM

# 8 Commonweal Protection

Ranking: 15 points / 5 people (75) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Commonweal Protection

# 9 Identify Economic Impacts

Ranking: 14 points / 5 people (70) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Need to identify economic impacts

# 10 Bureaucratic Overlap

Ranking: 10 points / 4 people (40) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Overlapping bureaucracy - "government"

# 11 Law Enforcement

Ranking: 5 points / 3 people (15) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Need to enforce existing laws

# 12 Beach Clean-Up

Ranking: 7 points / 2 people (14) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Method of cleaning beaches - need to develop

# 13 Natural Cycles

Ranking: 3 points / 1 people (3) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Not knowing the natural cycle

# 14 Shoreline Definitions and Environmental Education in Schools

Ranking: 0 points / 0 people (0) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Give a definition of shoreline and what it encompasses
  • Need to get down to high school level education environmental issues

# 15 Runoff Into Tributaries.

Ranking: 0 points / 0 people (0) (Shorelines Category)

ISSUES

  • Runoff into a tributary of ag-pesticides
  • 66 ZZ Conflicting mtg dates