The Fall of Fort Sackville - Timeline
Wealthy Virginia planters form Ohio Company to buy land west of Appalachian Mountains, believing that value of land will increase with time. In 1749, Virginia's government, with approval of Great Britain, grants Ohio Company 200,000 acres west of Monongahela River, to encourage settlement (Carruth, 82).
Christopher Gist explores and documents upper Ohio River for Ohio Company (Carruth, 66).
George Rogers Clark is born in Albemarle County, Virginia. His education includes mathematics and surveying (English, 53, 59).
French and Indian War. French fight British for power and land possession in North America; British win (Carruth, 68).
Treaty of Paris. From France Britain gains Canada and all lands east of Mississippi River except port of New Orleans. British also obtain Florida from Spain, which had sided with French during the war (Carruth, 72).
Pontiac, an Ottawa chief unhappy with British rule, organizes attack on Detroit. Other tribes then join in, attacking other British forts in the West (Carruth, 72).
Royal Proclamation of 1763. George Grenville, British colonial minister, forbids colonial settlements west of Appalachian Mountains and orders settlers already there to return (Carruth, 72).
Britain passes tax acts which anger American colonists (Carruth, 74-76).
An estimated 30,000 people settle west of the Appalachian Mountains (Bakeless, 22).
British troops land in Boston (Carruth, 78).
Boston Massacre. Five colonists killed by British troops (Carruth, 78).
George Rogers Clark explores Ohio River Valley and surveys land, some for himself. He settles in Grave Creek township, approximately 25 miles below Wheeling, Virginia (English, 59, 60, 62, 63).
Boston Tea Party (Carruth, 80).
In Ohio River Valley, atrocities by Indians and whites against each other escalate (English, 64).
In retaliation for Boston Tea Party, British Parliament passes first of Intolerable Acts, which further limit rights and liberties of the Americans (Carruth, 80).
Royal Governor of Virginia raises 3,000 Virginia troops to attack Indian villages as far as Ohio River Valley. Clark receives his first military commission, "Captain of the Militia of Pittsburgh and its Dependencies" (English, 64).
September 5-October 26
First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia to resist growing British tyranny (Carruth, 78).
Daniel Boone blazes Wilderness Road and establishes Boonesborough, Kentucky (Carruth, 75, 85).
Henry Hamilton appointed British lieutenant governor of Detroit (Barnhart, 15).
Battles of Lexington and Concord (Carruth, 84).
Clark is a deputy surveyor for Ohio Company to survey what is now Kentucky. His salary is 80 British pounds a year and his choice of land (English, 65-66).
Battle of Bunker Hill (Carruth, 86).
Clark visits western settlements organizing and commanding a small militia. He returns to Virginia in fall of 1775 to put his affairs in order, planning to return permanently to Kentucky in the spring of 1776 (English, 68-69).
Henry Hamilton arrives at Detroit (Barnhart, 15).
Continental Congress approves Declaration of Independence; signed by members August 2 (Carruth, 88).
Clark returns to Kentucky and becomes a military and political leader (English, 69-75).
Hamilton, at Detroit, receives orders to entice pro-British Indians to fight American frontier settlements (Bakeless, 42).
Indian attacks on Kentucky settlers increase. Clark plans expedition into the Illinois country. Sends spies to British forts (English, 82, 85-87, 466-467).
Continental Congress flees Philadelphia, which is occupied by British forces on September 26 (Carruth, 92).
Clark leaves for Virginia to ask for permission and help in his western expedition (English, 87, 468).
Articles of Confederation adopted by Continential Congress (Carruth, 92).
Clark presents his plan to Virginia Governor Patrick Henry (English, 88, 468).
Clark receives permission from Virginia Legislature and financial support for his western expedition. Patrick Henry gives Clark public instructions and private instructions known as "secret orders" (English, 91, 93, 468).
Continential Congress ratifies Treaty of Alliance with France (Carruth, 94).
Clark's troops arrive at an island at the Falls of the Ohio River which he names Corn Island (English, 131, 471).
Clark's troops leave Corn Island to begin Illinois campaign to take Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes. (English, 158, 163, 473-474).
Clark takes Kaskaskia without firing a shot. Joseph Bowman is sent to take Cahokia, which he captures on July 6 (English, 192-193, 476, 481-482).
Father Gibault goes to Vincennes, convinces French inhabitants to surrender to Clark. Arrives back at Kaskaskia first of August, informs Clark that Vincennes is his. Clark sends Leonard Helm to command Vincennes (English, 487-488, 490).
Hamilton leaves Detroit to march on Vincennes (Barnhart, 95, 106).
Hamilton arrives at Vincennes, retakes fort from Helm (Barnhart, 149).
Clark leaves Kaskaskia to retake Vincennes (English, 520, 521).
Clark arrives at Vincennes. On February 24, Hamilton surrenders to Clark (English, 391, 524-528).
March 7 or 8
Hamilton is sent to Virginia as a prisoner-of-war (English, 607, 608-9).
End of summer
Clark returns to the Falls of the Ohio (English, 663).
John Paul Jones, commander of Bonhomme Richard, defeats and captures Serapis, a British man-of war. During this battle he states, "I have not yet begun to fight" (Carruth, 96).
Clark builds forts and leads military expeditions to defend Kentucky settlements against Indian attacks (English, 748-760).
Virginia gives up claims to all lands northwest of the Ohio River and stops support for Clark's militia and forts (English, 779-783).
Hamilton is released from prison and sails for England May 27 (English, 658).
British general Charles Cornwallis and his men are defeated at Yorktown, Virginia (Carruth, 96, 98).
Virginia's resources exhausted, Clark is relieved of his military command (English, 783).
Virginia's General Assembly passes act which gives 150,000 acres of land to Clark, his officers, and his soldiers (English, 826).
Treaty of Paris is signed which officially ends war and recognizes American independence from Great Britain (Carruth, 100).
Clark is with his family in Caroline County, Virginia (Bakeless, 312).
Board of Commissioners meets in Louisville to settle claims by Clark, his officers, and soldiers for grant lands. Plans for locating, surveying Clarksville also adopted (English, 827, 833, 861).
November 14-August 13
Hamilton is lieutenant-governor of Quebec; he later serves in Bermuda (1788) and Dominica (1794) (English, 660).
Clark's father and mother arrive to establish the family home, Mulberry Hill, Louisville (Bakeless, 313).
Clark divides his time between Louisville and Clarksville. In 1803, he builds his own log cabin on Clark Point, Clarksville, overlooking the Falls of the Ohio (Bakeless, 353).
Hamilton dies in Antigua (English, 660).
Clark, paralyzed from a stroke, dies at his sister's home, Locust Grove, near Louisville (English, 887).