Archaeology in Indiana - the Early Years - Timeline
Paleoindians live in what is now Ind. (Outline,1).
Early Archaic Indians live in what is now Ind. (Outline,1).
Middle Archaic Indians live in what is now Ind. (Outline, 2).
Late Archaic Indians live in what is now Ind. (Outline, 2).
Terminal Late Archaic Indians live in what is now Ind. (Outline, 2).
Early Woodland Indians live in what is now Ind. (Outline, 3).
200 B.C.-500 A.D.
Middle Woodland Indians live in what is now Ind. (Outline, 3).
Late Woodland Indians live in what is now Ind. (Outline, 4).
Mississippian Indians live in what is now Ind. (Outline, 4).
Ruins of Roman city of Pompeii discovered (Grun, 263).
Iroquois wars with French and Huron tribes; at this time, historic Indian groups documented in what is now Ind. (Barnhart and Riker, 59-60).
LaSalle enters what is now northern Ind. (Barnhart and Riker, 62).
Wea settle on Wabash River (Barnhart and Riker, 66).
Early Miami establish settlement (now Fort Wayne) (Barnhart and Riker, 66).
Fort Ouiatenon established (now Lafayette) (Barnhart and Riker, 72).
Fort Miamis established (now Fort Wayne) (Barnhart and Riker, 74-75).
Post Vincennes established (now Vincennes) (Barnhart and Riker, 80).
French and Indian War begins (Barnhart and Riker, 121).
Pontiac's War (Barnhart and Riker, 141-43).
Treaty of Paris; ending French and Indian War; British control Ind. area (Barnhart and Riker, 127).
Declaration of Independence; American Revolution begins (Grun, 360 ).
Treaty of Paris ends American Revolution (Grun, 362).
Congress establishes Northwest Territory with Northwest Ordinance (Barnhart and Riker, 266-68).
Ohio River settlements and towns develop in Ind. Territory (Chronology, 2).
Extensive excavations at ancient Roman city of Pompeii (Grun, 379).
Ind. becomes a state; first constitution; capital at Corydon (Barnhart and Riker, 444,462).
Early archaeological interest in Ind. prehistory begins with Charles Alexander Lesueur, Posey Co. (Vail,12-13).
Ind. road construction begins (Chronology, 2).
Mexican archaeological ruins explored (Hellemans, 282).
Rosetta Stone translated; 1st time Egyptian hieroglyphics deciphered (Hellemans, 282).
Ind. canal and railroad construction begins (Chronology, 2).
First Ind. state geologist, David Dale Owen, appointed by governor; geological survey ordered (see Report of A Geological Reconnaissance of Indiana, 1837) (Acts,1937, 108).
Mayan archaeological ruins discovered in Central America (Hellemans, 304).
Ancient Assyrian sculpture near Khorsabad, Iraq excavated (Hellemans, 310).
Nineveh, ancient capital of Assyria, excavated (Hellemans, 312).
Prehistoric Indian mounds explored in the Mississippi River Valley (Hellemans, 314).
Mysterious statues discovered in Central America (Hellemans, 318).
Indiana's 2nd constitution written and adopted (Carmony, 408, 450).
Ind. General Assembly authorizes State Board of Agriculture to make geological survey of state (Acts, 1859, p. 112).
Mammoth tooth found with engraved sketch of mammoth (Hellemans and Bunch, 330).
U.S. Civil War (Grun, 424, 428).
Papyrus dating circa 1,550 B.C. summarizes surgical practices written in 2,500 B.C. (Hellemans and Bunch, 332).
Edward Burnett Taylor, England, publishes Early History of Mankind (Hellemans and Bunch, 336).
Ancient city of Troy discovered in Turkey (Hellemans and Bunch, 346).
American, William Henry Jackson, 1st known non-Native American to explore cliff homes, Mesa Verde, Colo. (Hellemans and Bunch, 346).
Peru Illustrated; Incidents of Travel and Exploration in the Land of the Incas, published (Hellemans and Bunch, 350).
Wheeled toys found on Mount Popo-catepetl, Mexico; 1st evidence of wheels in pre-Columbian New World (Hellemans and Bunch, 354).
Royal tomb near Luxor entered; contains mum-mies of famous rulers of Egypt (Hellemans and Bunch, 356).
Ind. General Assembly creates Department of Geology and Natural History to combine geological and scientific survey of state and develop its natural resources (Phillips,182).
Flinders Petrie, England, publishes The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh, revealing precision of Great Pyramid's alignment (Hellemans and Bunch, 358).
Egyptian pyra-mid of Senurset II excavation begins (Helle-mans and Bunch, 366).
Cliff Palace, largest of Mesa Verde cliff dwellings, discovered; contains about 200 ruins and 23 kivas used for religious ceremonies (Hellemans and Bunch, 368).
Native American mummies (basketmakers) discovered in Utah (Hellemans and Bunch, 374).
Spanish-American War (Grun, 450).
Great palace of Knossos, central site of Minoan civilization, discovered in Crete; 2nd Minoan palace, Phaistos, discovered in Crete (Hellemans and Bunch, 394).
Tablets with 1st known set of laws discovered at Susa, ancient capital of Elam (now western Iran) (Hellemans and Bunch, 400).
World War I (Grun, 466, 472).
Third great Minoan palace, Mallia, excavated in Crete (Helle-mans and Bunch, 426).
Ind. General Assembly creates Department of Conservation (Phillips, 185).
Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon discover tomb of Egyptian King Tutankhamen (Grun, 480 C).
Indiana Historical Commission (later Indiana Historical Bureau) publishes 1st archaeological survey on Lawrence Co.
Indiana Historical Society establishes archaeology section (Kellar, 16).
Albee Mound, Sullivan Co., 1st modern excav-ation in Ind. funded primarily by Indiana Historical Society (Kellar, 16).
Mounds State Park, Madison Co., established; 1st Ind. state park to preserve major archaeological site (Smith, 7, 20).
Indiana Historical Society hires Glenn A. Black, 1st full-time archaeologist employed in Ind. (Kellar, 17).
Indiana Historical Society publishes Eli Lilly's classic Prehistoric Antiquities of Indiana.
Indiana Historical Society begins publication of Prehistory Research Series.
Carbon-14 discovered; used in dating ancient sites (Hellemans and Bunch, 482).
World War II (Grun, 516, 522).
Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in cave, Khirbet Qumran (Hellemans and Bunch, 500).
Linear B, one of the ancient languages of Crete, deciphered (Hellemans and Bunch, 512).
McKinley site, Hamilton Co. excavated; reveals variety of cultural materials beginning with Early Archaic (Glenn A. Black Laboratory Web site).
Archaeologists discover 2 chambers at base of Great Pyramid of Khufu, Egypt (Hellemans and Bunch, 518).
Primitive computer found in Mediterranean Sea built circa 65 B.C.; used to calculate planet positions (Hellemans and Bunch, 532).
Ind. General Assembly creates Department of Natural Resources to succeed Department of Conservation (IDNR Web site, 2).
Congress passes National Historic Preservation Act.
Angel Mounds 1st Ind. archaeological site listed in National Register of Historic Places; also a National Historic Landmark (IDNR, DHPA).