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The State Cleanup Section administrates three (3) remedial programs:
The goals for the State Cleanup Section are to mitigate risk to human health and the environment through investigation, remediation, or institutional controls at sites. In addition, the Section is responsible for conducting both critical and non-time critical removal actions at sites where an imminent threat to public health and/or the environment exists.
The State Cleanup Section was created by IDEM in 1989 to manage the investigation and remediation of sites contaminated with hazardous substances or petroleum which are not listed on the National Priorities List of the federal Superfund Program. The State Cleanup Section was modeled after the federal Superfund Program; however, the State Cleanup Section differs from the Superfund Program in some respects. The State Cleanup Section has jurisdiction over remediation of petroleum releases in addition to remediation of releases of hazardous substances. Also, the State Cleanup Section follows aspects of the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP), 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 300, as well as the Remediation Closure Guide (Waste-0046 R1).
By applying components of the NCP and the Remediation Closure Guide, the State Cleanup Section can handle sites of the same environmental magnitude as Superfund Program sites, using a more streamlined approach. The State Cleanup Section is administered by the State, with no federal involvement or funding. Funding for the State Cleanup Section comes from the Hazardous Substances Trust Fund which primarily receives its revenue from taxes on disposal of hazardous wastes and recovery of IDEM oversight costs. Examples of remediation projects managed under the State Cleanup Section include dry cleaning facilities, manufacturing facilities, petroleum refineries, petroleum storage terminals, abandoned landfills, unregulated underground storage tank sites and other industrial sites.
Sites are referred to the State Cleanup Section by the Emergency Response Section after notification of contaminant releases have been given to IDEM under the Indiana’s Spill Rule [PDF] or by the Site Investigation Section after completion of preliminary assessment for possible inclusion on the US EPA’s Superfund NPL. Additionally, sites are referred to the State Cleanup Section by other branches or Offices within IDEM, the IDEM public complaint clearinghouse or from other public or local governmental agencies. Upon receiving the site referral the State Cleanup Section determines the priority ranking of the site based upon most recent site conditions and information. This priority ranking determination is used by the State Cleanup Section to properly allocate staff resources.