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Indiana Department of Environmental Management

IDEM > Environmental Cleanup > State Cleanup > State Cleanup Cost Recovery State Cleanup Cost Recovery

Projects that are managed by the State Cleanup Program, which involve releases of hazardous substances, are under the authority of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. § 9601, et. Seq), Indiana's Hazardous Substance Response Trust Fund law (IC 13-25-4). In accordance with 42 U.S.C. § 9607(a), IC 13-25-4-8, an owner, operator, or potentially responsible person is liable for the costs of response or remediation incurred by the State.

IDEM will seek to recover the oversight costs of the State Cleanup Program including but not limited to direct personnel costs associated with: document reviews by technical and legal staff, technical letter development, and validation of quality assurance/quality control documentation. The IDEM General Accounting Office will bill a Responsible Party (RP) for costs incurred on a monthly basis, and the RP will be held responsible for payment. For most sites, invoices are prepared and sent on a quarterly schedule, and cover the previous fiscal quarter.

Failure to Pay

Pursuant to IC 13-25-4-8, IDEM may pursue civil litigation to recover these outstanding costs if payment is not made. If a specific IDEM cost recovery account remains unpaid for a period of 90 days or greater the account will be transferred to the Indiana Attorney General’s Office for collection of the unpaid debt. In addition, interest may begin accruing if payment is not received within the specified timeframe. The RP will be notified in writing of cost recovery demands, and an invoice will be sent on a monthly basis that outlines costs owed. In most cases, the State Cleanup Section will not issue No Further Action status to a site until all costs owed have been recovered.