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Indiana Education Employment Relations Board

IEERB > Collective Bargaining & Impasse  > Mandatory Impasse Procedures (Mediation & Factfinding) Mandatory Impasse Procedures (Mediation & Factfinding)

Declaration of Impasse

By September 30th of each year, school corporations and their exclusive representation must have a ratified contract.  If the contract has not been ratified then IEERB will declare impasse. Parties At-Impasse must complete the Bargaining Status Form: At-Impasse form. IEERB provides mandatory mediation and mandatory, binding factfinding for all Indiana teacher bargaining processes at impasse.  In addition to IC 20-29 and 560 IAC 2, please see the information below for guidance on mandatory impasse procedures.  Please consult your counsel if questions arise. 




Pre 8/1

Informal negotiations


Formal Collective Bargaining period begins/pre-impasse mediation begins


If contract is not ratified, then IEERB declares impasse


IEERB appoints Mediator and notifies parties

30 days

Mediator contacts parties and schedules 1-3 mediation sessions


Parties exchange LBOs at the end of 30 days if still at impasse


IEERB appoints a Factfinder

1-30 Days

Factfinding period


30 days to appeal to IEERB


Appeal to Court


What is mediation and what does a mediator do?

A mediator delineates the problems involved in bargaining, seeks solutions which can reasonably be accepted by both parties, and determines common grounds for agreement.  Mediators act as facilitators, assisting the parties as they attempt to move toward settlement.  Techniques used by mediators are many and varied.  Mediation is mandatory in the event of impasse.  Mediations are 1-3 sessions and will last up to 30 days.  The costs associated with mediation are split between the parties. IEERB uses Ad Hoc Panelists to conduct mediation. 

Last, Best Offer (LBO)

IEERB's 2016 Last, Best Offer (LBO) Requirements 

Financing Verification (For School Corporation and Exclusive Representative)


What is factfinding and what does a factfinder do?

When the parties are unable by themselves, or through a mediator, to resolve a dispute, a factfinder investigates, holds a hearing, and issues a binding decision based on a party’s last, best offer (LBO).  Factfinding will last up to 30 days.  The costs associated with factfinding are split between the parties.  A factfinder’s decision is appealable to the Indiana Education Employment Relations Board.  IEERB uses Ad Hoc Panelists to conduct factfinding.

2015 IEERB Practitioner's Guide to Bargaining & Impasse