Hepatitis C 2004

Table 1. Hepatitis C Cases by Race and Sex, Indiana, 2004

  2004 2000-2004
Cases Rate* Cases
Total 6,041 96.85 23,176
Race
   White 2,676 48.39 9,869
   Black 883 161.05 3,794
   Other 41 25.69 212
   Not Reported 2,441 - 9,292
Sex
   Male 4,081 132.98 15,898
   Female 1,913 60.37 6,881
   Not Reported 47 - 388

*Rate per 100,000 population based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s population data as of July 1, 2004

Hepatitis C is the leading chronic bloodborne infection in the United States. The number of reported cases is actually the number of positive hepatitis C tests reported for the first time during that year. Fifteen to 20 percent of these cases can spontaneously clear the virus and no longer be infected.

Clinically defined cases of acute hepatitis C do not often occur. Eighty-five percent of infected individuals will be asymptomatic for decades. Symptoms that can be present during acute infection include nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, abdominal pain, and/or jaundice. Twenty percent of cases will develop serious liver damage from hepatitis C, and 25 percent of those will need a liver transplant, develop liver cancer, or die.

Reporting positive hepatitis C laboratory tests was not required in Indiana until October 2000. During the four-year period 2001-2004, 23,167 cases of hepatitis C were reported. In 2004, there were 6,041 reported hepatitis C cases, for a rate of 96.85 cases per 100,000 population (Table 1). Laboratory reports often do not include racial information. In 2004, race was not reported for over 40 percent of hepatitis C cases; consequently, an accurate comparison is not possible.

You can learn more about hepatitis C by visiting the following Web site:
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/c/index.htm.