Toxic Shock Syndrome 2003

Table 1. Toxic Shock Syndrome Cases by Race and Sex, Indiana, 2003

  2003 1999-2003
Cases Rate* Cases
Total 2 0.03 10
Race
   White 1 0.02 7
   Black 0 0 0
   Other 0 0 0
   Not Reported 1 - 3
Sex
   Male 0 0 2
   Female 2 0.06 8
   Not Reported 0 - 0

*Rate per 100,000 population based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s population data as of July 1, 2003

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a bacterial infection caused by a toxin made by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. Toxic shock syndrome was originally associated with tampon use but is now also related to the use of intravaginal contraceptive devices (e.g., the sponge and diaphragm) in women. TSS also occurs as a complication of skin abscesses or surgery where bacteria can enter the body and cause an infection. Symptoms of TSS are sudden fever, chills, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches, and rash.

There were two reported cases of toxic shock syndrome in Indiana in 2003. During the five-year period 1999-2003, 10 cases were reported. Figure 1 shows the number of cases from 1999-2003.

You can learn more about toxic shock syndrome by visiting the following Web site:
http://www.in.gov/isdh/25423.htm