Typhoid Fever 2003

Table 1. Typhoid Fever Cases by Race and Sex, Indiana, 2003

  2003 1999-2003
Cases Rate* Cases
Total 4 0.06 20
Race
   White 0 0 4
   Black 0 0 2
   Other 0 0 5
   Not Reported 4 - 9
Sex
   Male 1 0.03 8
   Female 3 0.10 11
   Not Reported 0   1

*Rate per 100,000 population based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s population data as of July 1, 2003

Typhoid fever is a bacterial illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, which lives only in humans. The disease is transmitted from human to human via the fecal-oral route. Most reported cases of typhoid fever are acquired while traveling internationally. Symptoms of typhoid fever may include fever, stomach pain, headache, constipation or diarrhea, and rose-colored spots on the trunk.

In 2003, four cases of typhoid fever were reported in Indiana. During the five-year period 1999-2003, 20 cases were reported. Figure 1 shows reported cases per year from 1999-2003.

You can learn more about typhoid fever by visiting the following Web site:
http://www.in.gov/isdh/25418.htm