Typhoid Fever 2002

Table 1. Typhoid Fever Cases by Race and Sex, Indiana, 2002

  2002 1998-2002
Cases Rate* Cases
Total 2 0.03 18
Race
   White 0 0.03 5
   Black 0   2
   Other 0   5
   Not Reported 2   6
Sex
   Male 0   7
   Female 0   8
   Not Reported 2   3

*Rate per 100,000 population based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s population data as of July 1, 2002

Typhoid fever is a bacterial illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, which lives only in humans. The disease is transmitted from human to human via the fecal-oral route. Most reported cases of typhoid fever are acquired while traveling internationally. Symptoms of typhoid fever may include fever, stomach pain, headache, constipation or diarrhea, and rose-colored spots on the trunk.

In 2002, two cases of typhoid fever were reported in Indiana. During the five-year period 1998-2002, 18 cases were reported. Figure 1 shows reported cases per year from 1998-2002.