Typhoid Fever 2002
*Rate per 100,000 population based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s population data as of July 1, 2002
Typhoid fever is a bacterial illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, which lives only in humans. The disease is transmitted from human to human via the fecal-oral route. Most reported cases of typhoid fever are acquired while traveling internationally. Symptoms of typhoid fever may include fever, stomach pain, headache, constipation or diarrhea, and rose-colored spots on the trunk.
In 2002, two cases of typhoid fever were reported in Indiana. During the five-year period 1998-2002, 18 cases were reported. Figure 1 shows reported cases per year from 1998-2002.