Cryptosporidiosis 2001

View ISDH's Quick Facts on Cryptosporidiosis

View CDC's Cryptosporidiosis Page

Rates presented are per 100,000 population and are based on the 2000 U.S. Census.

Cases Incidence
Rate
Total 90 1.5
Race-specific cases and rates1
White  56 1.1
Black  8 1.6*
Other2   1 0.4*
Sex-specific cases and rates3
Female 48 1.5
Male 40 1.3

Cryptosporidiosis is a parasitic infection usually transmitted through fecal-oral contact, most commonly waterborne. Other routes of transmission include foodborne, person-to-person, and animal-to-person. Outbreaks have been associated with contaminated drinking water, recreational water venues, consumption of unpasteurized apple cider, and day-care centers. Populations at greatest risk of developing severe infection include young children, the elderly, and those with weakened immune systems.

There were 90 cases of cryptosporidiosis reported in Indiana in 2001, for a rate of 1.5 cases per 100,000 population. This represents a marked increase from 2000 (Figure Cry1). Incidence of disease was greatest during the summer months, as shown in Figure Cry2.

Age-specific rates were greatest for children ages 5-9 (2.7), followed by infants (2.4) and preschoolers (2.4) (Figure Cry3). Females (1.5) were slightly more likely to be reported than males (1.3), with two cases not reporting gender data. The rate for blacks (1.6) was higher than that for whites (1.1) or other races (0.40), however 25 cases (27%) did not report race data.

Of those counties that reported 5 or more cases, LaGrange County had the highest incidence rate (17.2), followed by Huntington (13.1), and Tippecanoe (7.4) (Table Cry1). 

There were no outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis reported in Indiana in 2001.

Table Cry1: Cryptosporidiosis - Reported Cases by County, Indiana, 2001

Cryptosporidiosis - Reported Cases by County
Indiana, 2001
County Number of
Reported Cases
Incidence Rate per 
100,000 Population
Allen 7 2.1*
Huntington 5 13.1*
Lagrange 6 17.2*
Marion 16 1.9*
Tippecanoe 11 7.4*

Source: Indiana State Department of Health
Note: Rates based on 2000 U.S. Census population.  All other counties had fewer than 5 cases and are not 
reported to protect case confidentiality.
* Rate based on less than 20 cases and should be considered unstable.

Footnotes

1 - Race was unknown for 25 of the reported cases.

2 - "Other" includes American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, and multiracial.

3 - Sex was unknown for 2 of the reported cases.

* - Rate based on less than 20 cases and should be considered unstable.