2005 - Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a bacterial infection caused by a toxin made by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. Toxic shock syndrome was originally associated with tampon use but is now also related to the use of intravaginal contraceptive devices (e.g., the sponge and diaphragm) in women. TSS also occurs as a complication of skin abscesses or surgery where bacteria can enter the body and cause an infection. Symptoms of TSS are sudden fever, chills, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches, and rash.

There was one reported case of toxic shock syndrome in Indiana in 2005. Figure 1 shows the number of reported TSS cases (4) for the five-year period 2001-2005.

You can learn more about toxic shock syndrome by visiting the following Web site:
http://www.in.gov/isdh/25423.htm