2005 - Varicella

Table 1. Hospitalized Varicella Cases by Race and Sex, Indiana, 2005**

  2005 2001-2005
Cases Rate* Cases
Total 66 1.05 499
Race
   White 49 0.88 329
   Black 4 0.72 69
   Other 13 7.97 101
   Not Reported 0 - 0
Sex
   Male 34 1.10 259
   Female 32 1.01 240
   Not Reported 0 - 0
*Rate per 100,000 population based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s population data as of July 1, 2005*

Varicella is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which is part of the Herpesvirus family. The virus is spread from person to person by direct contact, droplet or airborne spread of vesicle fluid or secretions of the respiratory tract. Varicella is a vaccine-preventable disease that can be fatal.
In 2005, there were 66 reported cases of varicella associated with hospitalization in Indiana, for a rate of 1.05 cases per 100,000 population (Table 1). Figure 1 shows reported cases by year from 2001-2005. As Figure 2 shows, age-specific rates were greatest for infants under the age of 1 year (10.45), followed by preschoolers aged 1-4 years (2.61), and children aged 5-9 years (1.60).

There were no deaths due to varicella reported in Indiana in 2005.

**Data Source: Indiana Hospital Discharge Data furnished by the Indiana Hospital&Health Association