Injuries are caused by acute exposure to physical agents, such as mechanical force or energy, heat, electricity, chemicals, and ionizing radiation, in amounts or at rates that cause bodily harm. Injury may either be unintentional or intentional (violence-related, including assault, homicide and suicide) and can lead to death, disability, and lifelong health consequences. While death is the most severe outcome of injury, the injury pyramid provides a visualization of the reality that injury-related deaths represent a small percentage of the injury spectrum. For instance, the full impact of motor vehicle crashes and collisions in the United States in 2012 includes:
|For every 1 person killed in a motor vehicle crash,
8 people were hospitalized, and
100 people were treated and released from the ED
Adapted from Safe States Alliance (formerly State and Territorial Injury Prevention Directors Association): Safe States, 2003 Edition
Calendar of Injury Prevention Observances and Events
Indiana Injury Facts
- Injury is the leading cause of death for Hoosiers ages 1 through 44 years, and the fifth leading cause of death overall.
- In 2014, there were 4,421 injury deaths at an age-adjusted rate of 66.0 per 100,000.
- Of the 4,421 injury deaths, 2,944 were unintentional in nature, occurring at an age-adjusted mortality rate of 43.4 per 100,000.
- The estimated medical and work loss lifetime costs associated with unintentional fatal injuries in Indiana in 2010 totaled $2,503,747,000.
- The leading causes of unintentional injury death in Indiana in 2014 were poisoning (1,294 deaths), motor vehicle collisions (719 deaths), and falls (410 deaths).
- Unintentional suffocation was the leading cause of injury death among infants (<1 year of age)
- Unintentional motor vehicle traffic was the leading cause of injury death among children, youth, and young adults ages 1-24 years.
- Unintentional falls was the leading cause of injury death among adults age 65+=
- Of the 4,421 injury deaths, 941 Hoosiers died by suicide and 363 died from homicide.
- The Indiana Violent Death Reporting System will collect violent death information of deaths occurring in Indiana beginning January 1, 2015. For more information, visit: http://www.in.gov/isdh/26539.htm
- The estimated medical and work loss lifetime costs associated with suicide deaths in Indiana in 2010 totaled $ 1,023,791,000
- The estimated medical and work loss lifetime costs associated with homicide deaths in Indiana in 2010 totaled $ 479,127,000
- From 2005-2014, 2,171 people were killed in crashes involving a drunk driver in Indiana (Fatality Analysis Reporting System [FARS])
- From 2005-2014, 8,067 motor vehicle occupants were killed in Indiana (FARS)
- In 2014, drugs and medications –prescription drugs, illicit drugs, and over-the-counter medications- were the underlying cause of death for 89.0% of all poisoning deaths.
- In 2014, more than 50,000 people suffered a traumatic brain injury, which resulted in 1,108 deaths. The highest number of TBI-related deaths were among 45-54 year olds.
- The estimated economic impact of fatal motor vehicle crashes for Indiana in 2010 was more than $903 million.
- More than 32,000 Hoosiers are hospitalized and more than 600,000 visit emergency departments for injuries each year.
- There were 181 reported firework-related injuries in 2015 requiring medical attention at Indiana’s immediate care centers, hospitals, and emergency departments. There were two deaths due to these injuries.
United States Injury Facts
- Injury is the leading cause of death for people ages 1–44 years in the United States
- Nearly 200,000 people died from injuries in 2014—1 person every 3 minutes
- In 2014, more Americans died from unintentional poisoning than unintentional motor vehicle collisions (42,032 compared to 33,736 deaths).
- The estimated medical and work loss lifetime costs associated with unintentional fatal injuries in the United States in 2010 totaled $ 113,293,514,000
- The estimated medical and work loss lifetime costs in United States in 2010 for suicide deaths totaled $ 44,674,827,000 and for homicide deaths $ 25,070,987,000
- More than 2.8 million people are hospitalized with injury each year.
- More than 31 million people are treated in U.S. Emergency Departments for injury each year.
- In 2013, motor vehicle collisions contributed to more than 2.4 million emergency department visits and 200,000 hospitalizations
- On average, each motor vehicle crash-related emergency department visit costs about $3,300 and each hospitalization costs about $57,000 over a person’s lifetime.
*Sources: National Center for Health Statistics, WISQARS, Indiana State Health Department (ISDH) Division of Trauma and Injury Prevention, and the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS)
The ISDH Division of Trauma and Injury Prevention will disseminate descriptive statistical information to those entities throughout the state having an interest in preventive control strategies. The program's goal is to develop a functional surveillance system for all injuries and establish a core injury team for the state.
Injury Prevention Epidemiologist Consultant, Division of Trauma and Injury Prevention