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A Community Organizations Active in Disaster (COADs) is an organization, based within a community, geographic area, which is composed of representatives from public, private and not-for-profit agencies. A COAD will enhance the community’s ability to mitigate, prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from disasters, thus ensuring that human needs inherent in a disaster situation are evaluated and addressed. For the purpose of this grant all COAD will be composed of the following additional elements: EMA Director, Citizen Corps Council (CCC) and Community Emergency Response Teams (CERTS).
COADs will be active in all phases of emergency management:
• Mitigation -Any activity taken to eliminate or reduce the degree of long-term risk to human life, property and the environment from the effects of natural and technological hazards.
• Prevention - Any activity taken to avoid hazards and minimize the negative consequences of a disaster.
• Preparedness - Any activity taken in advance of an emergency that improves emergency readiness posture and develops or expands operational capabilities.
• Response - Any action taken immediately before, during or directly after an emergency occurs to save lives, minimize injuries, lessen property and environmental damage, and enhance the effectiveness of recovery.
• Recovery - A short-term activity to return vital life support systems to minimum operating standards and/or a long-term activity designed to return the affected people and areas to their pre disaster conditions.
The COAD Development Grant program will provide grants between $10,000.00 to $50,000.00, dependent on the focus of the project design, the projected scope of deliverables, and the capacity to provide deliverables. Cost-share is required and must be at a minimum of 25% of the total project cost, but can include in-kind resources and those that complement COAD development.
The purpose of the COAD Development Grant program is to assist entities in creating and implementing strategies to:
• Link community stakeholders among multiple counties as a network committed to and prepared for aiding disaster recovery;
• Identify resources for planning and efficient use in mitigating the long-term impact of a disaster;
• Identify volunteers and facilitate opportunities for them to become affiliated with organizations active in disaster response;
• Plan and facilitate opportunities for disaster preparedness learning and education-based training
• Plan and facilitate opportunities for disaster preparedness activities, operational exercises, and experience-based training;
• Provide identifying media (pictures, contact information) that assists in cataloguing latent community resources; and
• Leverage the resources of federal, state and local governments, private sector and other non-profit organizations to maximize the resulting outcomes.